Ciprofloxacin Eye Drops Prevent Infection After LASIK

Antibiotic eye drops prevent infection after LASIK

What is ciprofloxacin?
Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic that belongs to the family of antibiotic medications known as quinolones. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria. Depending on the administration into human body, ciprofloxacin is available in three main forms:

  1. Oral (in the form of tablets or pills to be taken by mouth)
  2. Intravenous (In the form of injections to be taken via vein)
  3. Ophthalmic (eye drops) or otic (ear drops)

Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic prescribed to treat a wide range of bacterial infections, including urinary tract, lower respiratory, skin, bone and joint infections, infectious diarrhea, anthrax and almost all kinds of bacterial infections affecting the eyes and the ears.

Why ciprofloxacin eye drops are prescribed to treat eye infections?
Ciprofloxacin eye drops are prescribed by a a number of doctor to treat eye infections because:

  • They are effective against variety of eye infections caused by a number of different bacteria
  • They are considered as the first-line of therapy against most bacterial eye infections
  • A number of studies published in international medical and clinical journals have shown their clear-cut advantage over other antibiotics in the treatment of bacterial eye infections

What kind of bacteria ciprofloxacin eye drops are effective against?
Ciprofloxacin eye drops (also known as ciprofloxacin ophthalmic solution) are used to treat eye infections (conjunctivitis) or corneal ulcers (ulcers in the part of the eye called the cornea) caused by certain types of bacteria such as:

  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • Enterobacteriaceae
  • H. influenza & other Haemophilus spp.
  • N. gonorrhoeae
  • N.meningitides
  • M. catarrhalis
  • P. aeruginosa
  • S. maltophilia
  • Legionella pneumophilia

How should you use Ciprofloxacin eye drops?
The use and dosage of Ciprofloxacin eye drops depends on the specific condition or disorder that you have in your eyes such as:

To treat conjunctivitis: the recommended dose is 1 or 2 drops in the affected eye every 2 hours while awake for 2 days, then 2 drops every 4 hours while awake for 5 days.

To treat corneal ulcers: the recommended dose is 2 drops every 15 minutes for the first 6 hours, then 2 drops every 30 minutes for the rest of the first day. On the second day, apply 2 drops every hour. For days 3 to 14, apply 2 drops every 4 hours.

To prevent eye inflammation and infection after LASIK and other eye surgeries: the recommended dosage here should be taken as prescribed by the eye surgeon.

However, you should also remember that many things can affect the dose of a medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. Therefore, if your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones mentioned above, you should not change the way that you are using the medication without consulting your doctor.

Some general precautions and safety tips on ciprofloxacin eye drops use

  • Be sure to wash your hands before and after using the medication to avoid introducing new bacteria into the eye.
  • You should also avoid touching the tip of the bottle to anything, as this can cause contamination.
  • You can also ask your pharmacist to show you how to properly apply eye drops.
  • Use this medication for the full length of time your doctor has recommended. This will reduce the chance of the infection returning.
  • Ciprofloxacin eye drops should never be used for injection directly into the eye.

Who should NOT take ciprofloxacin eye drops?
Ciprofloxacin eye drop solution should not be used by anyone who:

  • is allergic to ciprofloxacin or to any of the ingredients of the medication
  • is allergic to nalidixic acid or other quinolones (e.g., norfloxacin, levofloxacin, and ofloxacin)

What are some possible side effects of ciprofloxacin eye drops?
Like every medication, ciprofloxacin is not free of adverse effects. However, not everyone will necessarily experience any or all of the side effects. Such undesirable events can be mild or severe, temporary or permanent. Some of the reported side effects of ciprofloxacin eye drops include:

  • Bad taste in the mouth
  • Burning, stinging, or other discomfort of the eye
  • Crusting or crystals in corner of the eye
  • Dryness of the eye
  • Feeling of something in the eye
  • Increased sensitivity of eyes to light
  • Itching of the eye
  • Redness of the lining of the eyelids
  • Tearing of the eye

In addition, you should immediately consult your doctor if you notice any of the following side effects:

  • irritation (severe) or increased redness of the eye
  • white crusting on the eye

Learn more about using antibiotic eye drops after LASIK surgery on our forums!